Jumat, 01 November 2013

Acid Reflux In Babies - Symptoms And Treatments

Acid reflux in babies is known as infant acid reflux or infant reflux is more common for babies than more people realize. Since babies cannot tell you what is wrong, it is important for parents to recognize the signs and get the appropriate diagnosis and treatment. Typically, babies that do develop this condition outgrow it and do not have further problems as adults.
What is Baby Reflux?
The condition occurs very much the same way it does in adults. The contents of the stomach after eating rather than remaining in the stomach, move up into the esophagus, which can cause a burning sensation known as heartburn. The acid inside the stomach is what causes the burning sensation as the food and liquids move upward.
Symptoms of Infant Reflux
Since babies can't tell you if they have heartburn or feel sick you'll want to take note of the obvious signs of infant reflux including:
  • Frequent spitting up food or bile (yellow)
  • Difficulty eating due to gagging
  • Persistent cough
  • Crying during feeding time
  • Stomach appears gassy or tender to the touch
  • Colic
  • Bouts of pneumonia
Keep in mind that all of the symptoms do not have to be present in order for your baby to have acid reflux. These are the most common signs to look for. Many times a baby learns quickly that eating causes their discomfort and may refuse to eat or have a light appetite.
Diagnosis of Infant Reflux
Prior to taking your baby to your pediatrician, write down some of the symptoms you have been noticing. It's easy to forget some symptoms once you get to the doctor's office.
The doctor will want to rule out anything serious and may order a variety of tests including an ultrasound, blood and other lab tests, or an upper GI series. In addition, esophageal pH monitoring may be done to see what the acidity levels are in your child's esophagus. These tests are all helpful at getting to the root of the problem. The sooner treatment can begin, the better your baby will feel.
Treatment Option of Infant Reflux
There are several treatment options depending on the severity of the reflux. Many times changing the way the infant is fed corrects the problem. These variations include, giving smaller feedings frequently, pause during feeding and attempt to burp the baby, and ensuring your infant is in an upright position during the feedings and directly afterwards. Switching to a new baby formula may also be helpful if you're using formula.
Medications can also be used including, H-2 acid blockers such as lansoprazole and omeprazole, which are both are now available over-the-counter or by prescription. As a last result and when all other options have failed, a surgical procedure to tighten the esophageal sphincter so that food remains in the stomach may be performed.
Lastly, if you notice any of the signs of acid reflux in babies, it is best to make an appointment with your pediatrician as soon as possible.
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